• By Marsha Tanula

Covid-19疫苗神话被揭穿

2020年12月9日
a young Black woman and young Black man sitting together on a couch looking seriously at information on a computer and reading paper documents

疫苗预防coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)也许是结束大流行的最佳希望。许多生物制药公司已申请美国食品和药物管理局(FDA)紧急使用新的Covid-19疫苗授权,并且在今年年底之前将有有限数量的疫苗。

It is likely that you have heard claims about the COVID-19 vaccine on social media or from people in your life. The quick development and approval of a vaccine may increase your hesitancy about its safety or effectiveness. Let's set the record straight on circulating myths about the COVID-19 vaccine.

Myth: The COVID-19 vaccine is not safe because it was rapidly developed and tested.

事实:由于大流行的世界范围内,许多制药公司将迅速开发Covid-19的疫苗。紧急情况有必要进行紧急响应,但这并不意味着公司绕过安全方案或进行足够的测试。

Mayo Clinic will recommend the use of those vaccines that we are confident are safe. While there are many COVID-19 vaccine candidates in development, early interim data are encouraging for the Pfizer vaccine which likely is to be the first authorized for emergency use by the FDA in the late December/early January timeframe. This vaccine was created using a novel technology based on the molecular structure of the virus. The novel methodology to develop a COVID-19 vaccine allows it to be free from materials of animal origin and synthesized by an efficient, cell-free process without preservatives. This vaccine developed by Pfizer/BioNTecH has been studied in approximately 43,000 people.

为了接收紧急使用授权,生物制药制造商必须在完成疫苗接种系列后至少两个月的研究参与者至少有一半的研究参与者,并且必须在该人口中证明疫苗安全有效。除了FDA的安全审查外,免疫咨询委员会还召开了一组疫苗安全专家,独立评估临床试验的安全数据。梅奥诊所疫苗专家还将审查可用数据。Covid-19疫苗的安全将继续受到疾病控制和预防(CDC)和FDA的中心的密切监测。

Myth: I already had COVID-19 and recovered, so I don't need to get a COVID-19 vaccine when it's available.

事实:There is not enough information currently available to say if or for how long after infection someone is protected from getting COVID-19 again. This is called natural immunity. Early evidence suggests natural immunity from COVID-19 may not last very long, but more studies are needed to better understand this. Mayo Clinic recommends getting the COVID-19 vaccine, even if you’ve had COVID-19 previously. However, those that had COVID-19 should delay vaccination until about 90 days from diagnosis. People should not get vaccinated if in quarantine after exposure or if they have COVID-19 symptoms.

Myth: There are severe side effects of the COVID-19 vaccines.

事实:There are short-term mild or moderate vaccine reactions that resolve without complication or injury. The early phase studies of the Pfizer vaccine show that it is safe. About 15% of people developed short lived symptoms at the site of the injection. 50% developed systemic reactions primarily headache, chills, fatigue or muscle pain or fever lasting for a day or two. Keep in mind that these side effects are indicators that your immune system is responding to the vaccine and are common when receiving vaccines.

Myth: I won't need to wear a mask after I get the COVID-19 vaccine.

事实:可能需要一个想要的Covid-19疫苗接种获得一个人的时间。此外,疫苗可能会阻止您生病,如果您仍然可以携带和将病毒传送给他人,则在此时间内未知。直到近似疫苗工作的措施,继续采用掩盖佩戴和物理疏远等预防措施将是重要的。

Myth: More people will die as a result of a negative side effect to the COVID-19 vaccine than would actually die from the virus.

事实:社交媒体上流传声称有限公司VID-19's mortality rate is 1%-2% and that people should not be vaccinated against a virus with a high survival rate. However, a 1% mortality rate is 10 times more lethal than the seasonal flu. In addition, the mortality rate can vary widely and is influenced by age, sex and underlying health condition.

虽然一些接受疫苗的人可能会在其免疫系统的作用时发展症状,但请记住,在接受任何疫苗并且不被视为严重或危及生命的疫苗时,这很常见。您无法从Covid-19疫苗中获得Covid-19感染;它们是灭活的疫苗而不是活疫苗。

重要的是要认识到疫苗不仅仅是关于来自Covid-19的生存。这是为了防止病毒传播给他人并预防可能导致长期负面健康影响的感染。虽然没有100%疫苗有效,但它们远远超过疫苗。好处肯定超过了健康人民的风险。

Myth: The COVID-19 vaccine was developed as a way to control the general population either through microchip tracking or nano transducers in our brains.

事实: There is no vaccine "microchip" and the vaccine will not track people or gather personal information into a database. This myth started after comments made by Bill Gates from The Gates Foundation about a digital certificate of vaccine records. The technology he was referencing is not a microchip, has not been implemented in any manner and is not tied to the development, testing or distribution of the COVID-19 vaccine.

Myth: The COVID-19 vaccine will alter my DNA.

事实:The firstCOVID-19到达市场的疫苗可能是信使RNA(mRNA)疫苗。根据CDC,mRNA疫苗通过指导身体中的细​​胞如何制备患有免疫反应的蛋白质。将mRNA注入您的身体不会与您的细胞的DNA相互作用或对任何事情进行互动或做任何事情。使用说明书后,人类细胞分解并尽快摆脱mRNA。

神话:使用胎儿组织开发Covid-19疫苗。

事实:Current mRNA COVID-19 vaccines were not created with and do not require the use of fetal cell cultures in the production process.

相关信息:
Mayo Clinic Q&A podcast: How messenger RNA vaccines work

学习更多关于:跟踪和趋势covid-19.

12月3日,2020年梅奥诊所Covid-19跟踪和趋势地图

在发布时,这篇文章中的信息准确无误。由于Covid-19大流行的流体性,科学的理解以及指南和建议,自原始出版日期以来可能会发生变化.

对于其患者的安全,员工和访客,Mayo Clinic有严格的掩蔽政策。在Covid-19之前或在未指定用于患者护理的地区之前记录任何没有面具的任何人都记录,那里遵循社会偏差和其他安全协议。

有关更多信息和所有Covid-19覆盖范围,请转到梅奥诊所新闻网络mayoclinic.org.

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