怀孕和Covid-19:风险是什么?

由Mayo诊所工作人员

如果您怀孕了,您最近送了一个婴儿或母乳喂养,您可能担心冠状病毒疾病2019(Covid-19)对您和宝宝的影响。这是你需要知道的。

怀孕期间的风险

总体风险COVID-19to pregnant women is low. However, pregnancy increases the risk for severe illness and death withCOVID-19。有孕妇COVID-19根据疾病控制和预防(CDC)的中心,似乎更容易发生需要密集护理的呼吸系统并发症,而不是未怀孕的女性。孕妇也更有可能放在呼吸机上。

此外,黑色或西班牙裔的孕妇似乎对感染的感染影响不成比例COVID-19病毒。患有潜在的医疗病症(如糖尿病)的孕妇也可能导致严重疾病的风险更高COVID-19

一些研究表明孕妇COVID-19也更有可能有过早的分娩和剖宫产,他们的婴儿更有可能被录取为新生儿单位。

如果有的话,请立即联系您的医疗保健提供者COVID-19症状或如果您已接触到某人COVID-19。建议您对此进行测试COVID-19病毒。提前致电您的医疗保健提供者在预约之前告诉他或她的症状和可能的曝光。

如果你有COVID-19并怀孕,您的治疗将旨在缓解症状,并且可能包括培养大量的流体和休息,以及使用药物以减少发烧,缓解疼痛或减少咳嗽。如果你生病了,你可能需要在医院治疗。

对产前护理的影响

Community efforts to control the spread of theCOVID-19virus might affect your access to routine prenatal care. Talk to your health care provider about precautions that will be taken to protect you during appointments or whether virtual prenatal care is an option for you. Ask if there are any tools that might be helpful to have at home, such as a blood pressure monitor. To make the most of any virtual visits, prepare a list of questions ahead of time and take detailed notes. Also, consider researching your options for online childbirth classes.

如果你有certain high-risk conditions during pregnancy, virtual visits might not be an option. Ask your health care provider about how your care might be affected.

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劳动和交付建议

如果您在接近怀孕结束时健康,您的劳动力和交付的某些方面可能会像往常一样进行。但准备灵活。

如果您计划用于劳动归纳或C-Section,您和您的支持人员可能会被筛选COVID-19症状24至48小时前抵达医院。在进入劳动和交付单位之前,您可能会再次筛选。如果您有症状或导致的病毒COVID-19,您的归纳或C系列可能会重新安排。

To protect the health of you and your baby, some facilities might limit the number of people you can have in the room during labor and delivery. Visits after delivery might be affected too. Also, during your hospitalization you and your support person might be screened for symptoms every day. Talk to your health care provider about any restrictions that might apply.

如果你有COVID-19或者正在等待由于症状而等待的测试结果,它推荐在分娩后住院期间,你穿一片布料面膜并在关心新生儿时有干净的手。在您在医院的同时,将新生儿的婴儿床保持在您的医院,但也建议您在可能的情况下与宝宝保持合理的距离。当采取这些步骤时,新生儿感染的风险COVID-19virus is low.

但是,如果你严重生病COVID-19,您可能需要暂时与新生儿分开。

产后指导

它建议分娩后产后护理是一个持续的过程。与您的医疗保健提供者交谈有关虚拟参观选项,以便在交货后检查,以及您需要办公室访问。

在这种压力时间,您对您的健康和家庭的健康可能会更加焦虑。注意你的心理健康。在采取预防措施以减少感染风险的情况下,向家人和朋友联系COVID-19病毒。

如果你体验着严重的情绪波动,食欲不足,在分娩后不久的疲劳和生活中缺乏高兴,你可能会产生产后抑郁症。如果您认为您可能会沮丧,请联系您的医疗保健提供者,特别是如果您的症状不会逐渐消失,您可以为您的宝宝照顾或完成日常任务,或者您有伤害自己或宝宝的想法。

母乳喂养的考虑因素

研究表明,母乳不太可能传播COVID-19婴儿病毒。较大的问题是感染的母亲是否可以通过哺乳期间通过呼吸液滴将病毒传递给婴儿。

如果你有COVID-19或者是一个症状的人在调查中佛r having the virus, take steps to avoid spreading the virus to your baby. This includes washing your hands before touching your baby and, if possible, wearing a face mask during breast-feeding. If you're pumping breast milk, wash your hands before touching any pump or bottle parts and follow recommendations for proper pump cleaning. If possible, have someone who is well give the baby the expressed breast milk.

妊娠和母乳喂养期间的Covid-19疫苗

如果您怀孕或母乳喂养,您可以选择获得一个COVID-19vaccine. While further research is needed, early findings suggests that getting anMRNA.COVID-19怀孕期间疫苗没有严重的风险。调查结果基于来自的数据CDC'冠状病毒疫苗安全监测系统。

如果你有concerns, talk to your health care provider about the risks and benefits.

请记住,mRNACOVID-19疫苗不会改变您的DNA或导致遗传变化。

What you can do

To reduce your risk of infection, avoid close contact with anyone who is sick or has symptoms and keep about 6 feet of distance between yourself and others beyond your household. Wear a face mask in indoor public spaces and outdoors where there is a high risk ofCOVID-19传输,例如在拥挤的事件中。进一步的掩模引导取决于您是否完全接种疫苗或未被解雇。经常用肥皂和水洗手至少20秒,或使用含有至少60%酒精的酒精的洗手液。

Above all, focus on taking care of yourself and your baby. Contact your health care provider to discuss any concerns. If you're having trouble managing stress or anxiety, talk to your health care provider or a mental health counselor about coping strategies.

5月6日,2021年 看得更深入

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